I'm not at all sure that neutering would stop him from looking for other dogs. Changing the walking routes would only mean a change in what he is sniffing. It seems to me that you have a worried dog which is shown by his posture. There are two things here - the sniffing is quite normal. When I walk my Basenjis they are constantly sniffing as they walk and stopping at places where the scent is strong - it is part of their enjoyment in the walk. The defensiveness is another matter. I have never found that treats are useful in training my dogs (I acknowledge that this doesn't apply to all Basenjis) particularly if they are anxious. Have you tried a training halter to help with stopping him from pulling? A good behaviourist might be able to help you with the anxiety and perhaps the training could involve some calmer dogs as well. You don't mention his age but I'm assuming he is a puppy as you say you are still leash training?
Firstly I'm so sorry that this has happened! I do agree with Tanza. However I have managed to 'reunite' sisters who have taken against each other but only by taking immediate action by keeping them side by side (in their crates but covered), feeding them side by side, and walking them together for several days. It is essential that during their enforced 'apartness' all aggression should be reprimanded. When all antipathy has settled down I went back to normal and no further aggression occurred. Unless you feel that you can do this the other alternative is of course total separation. If you decide to try the behaviourist route please make sure that the person is experienced in treating Basenjis or other primitive dogs. In my opinion spaying won't work.
Dogs fed on kibble poop more times than dogs that are fed raw meat. You say that everything seems to go straight through but of course this isn't likely if he is a normal healthy dog. Mine are fed raw but at one time I was persuaded to use a kibble to help one lose weight. I didn't keep him on that for more than a few days as he pooped at least four times a day showing that a high proportion of what he was taken in was rubbish! Before you try anything I would get him checked out by the vet first.
There are several specific ketogenic diets used in people. In the 3:1 ketogenic diet, 87% of calories are from fat, 6% from carbohydrates, and 7% from protein. In the medium-chain triglyceride diet, 60% of calories are from medium-chain triglycerides, 11% from fat, 19% from carbohydrates, and 10% from protein. This diet is more palatable and does not increase blood cholesterol as much as the 3:1 diet. Patients are typically fasted for several days before being gradually introduced to the diet.
It is important to realize that these diets must be rigidly controlled by specially trained dieticians and require extensive education of the patient and parent. Even the amount of sugar in a children's vitamin pill must be accounted for.
Is the ketogenic diet useful in dogs with epilepsy?
We don't know. There are no published trials evaluating the safety and effectiveness of a ketogenic diet in dogs with epilepsy.
There are several potential limitations:
Dogs are more resistant to ketosis induced by starvation, compared to people. As carnivores, dogs are adapted to relatively long periods of time between meals. Therefore, diets that induce ketosis in people may not do so in dogs. The type of epilepsies that dogs suffer may not be the same as those in people that respond to the diet. The safety of these diets has never been assessed in dogs. Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) is a fairly common and serious disease in dogs and may be precipitated by high levels of dietary fat.
I am aware of several attempts at similar diets in dogs with epilepsy. In most cases, the client is simply adding a source of fat (such as cream) to the diet without severely restricting carbohydrates. It is important to realize that the total amount of dietary fat is not as important as the ration of fat to carbohydrates.
In summary, based on the above considerations and the lack of clinical trials, we do not currently recommend a ketogenic diet in dogs with epilepsy. www.canine-epilepsy.com/KetogenicDiet
To confirm what Tanza advises - please check that there are no health issues before deciding that it is just 'pickiness'. She might have digestive problems, in my opinion it's not usual for a pup to be so picky. All being physically well, why not try her with raw meat?
It is indeed a transference issue and other breeds are also prone to it. please don't blame yourself for not being 'put off'. Until the issue is resolved please make sure your children are out of her reach when she meets another dog. Does she nip you as well under the same circumstances? Quite possibly so. I've had some Basenjis which had the sweetest temperament and not aggressive to other dogs and yet have had them turn on each other if they're leashed and unable to reach their goal (a prey animal for example) so don't blame Nala. Under those circumstances I make sure that they are held apart from each other. I'm a bit wary of muzzles because in some ways it can make them worse but if you think it will set your mind at rest use one if you think best. As a matter of interest I prefer an owner who has never had a dog before because they don't come with preconceived ideas as to how a Basenji should behave or be handled. I hope you get her to a point where you can really enjoy her in every way.
I'm really sorry to hear about your pup and do hope you find a way to deal with this especially for your daughter. Vaccines are a controversial subject and not appropriate to talk about that now but hopefully this won't happen again should you decide to have another puppy. I note that several other posters say this is rare. My prayers are with you.
I've not found that my Basenjis actually have 'tummy clocks'. They'll wait patiently until feed time whenever it is and it's then that they get excited. There are always times when I'm of necessity late with feeding and not quite as often, early. It hasn't made the slightest difference unlike with other breeds I've known.
Welcome to the Forum, Packmom and to your little girl when she arrives. You've already received good advice so I won't add to it. You sound well prepared for the so-called problems but a Basenji will always find something that surprises you! I look forward to your stories about your new 'adventure' pup.